Plastic Ban: What you can do and what you can’t in Maharashtra!

The plastic ban enforced by the Maharashtra Government from 23 June 2018 has been lauded for its positive step towards environment. However, the ban has created chaos and confusion among citizens who are clueless as to what is banned and what is allowed as also the dilutions through several notifications. Add to this the steep fine of Rs5,000 levied for carrying a plastic a bag that has always helped in the monsoons and there is complete confusion.

What is allowed?
  • Plastic bags or plastic used for packaging of medicines also with plastic used for medical equipment’s and medical products.

 

(http://mpcb.gov.in)

 

  • Plastic bags for storing food grains or as packaging material for biscuits, chips and similar food items

 

 

  • Food grade virgin plastic bags with a thickness of not less than 50 micron used for packaging of milk with specified buyback price with manufactures name. Manufacturer is mandated to collect such bags from the customer for recycling

 

 

  • Cartons or cardboard’s consisting of single layer plastic.

   

  • Recyclable plastic utilised in stationery products used for educational and office use. Plastic Pens are also allowed

 

 

  • Tarpaulin sheets, pens, plastic wrapper of chocolates and chips.

 

 

 

  • Household food storage containers,  like drinking bottles and tiffin boxes.

 

  • Bags made of jute and paper materials that are environmentally sustainable.

 

(Photo Credit: Mo Riza/Flickr.com)

  • Compostable plastic bags or material used for plant nurseries, horticulture, agriculture, and handling of solid waste.

 

 

  • Plastic and plastic bags for export purpose allowed only in the Special Economic Zone and export oriented units to wrap the material at the manufacturing stage or is an integral part of manufacturing.
  • For pharma industry, use of thermocol boxes for storing medicines and plastic item for saline bottles and medicines.

 

What is not allowed?
  • All types of plastic bags (with or without handle) and garbage bags.

 

  • Thermocol (polystyrene) and thermocol made out of plastic which are one-time single use disposable plastic items like dish, cups, plates, glasses, fork, bowl, container, disposable dish or bowl.

 

 

  • Non-woven polypropylene bags, cups and pouches to store liquid.
  • Plastic containers used in Hotels for packaging food materials as well as straws.

 

 

  • Compostable plastic bag

 

 

  • PET / PETE bottles as well as plastic water pouches having liquid holding capacity less than 200ml (banned in Maharashtra).

 

 

  • Plastic pouches used for storing liquid
  • Use of plastic or thermocol for decorative purpose
FAQs on Plastic Ban
Here are frequently asked questions by citizens on plastic ban and the answers…
What is Plastic?
“Plastic” means material; which contains as an essential ingredient a high polymer such as polyethylene terephthalate, high density polyethylene, vinyl, low  density  polyethylene,  polypropylene,  polystyrene  resins,  poly  styrene (thermocol),  non-oven  polypropylene,  multi  layered  coextruder,  poly propylene, poly terephthalate, poly amides, poly methyl methacrylate, plastic micro beads, etc.
2) Which plastic bags are banned?
“Plastic bags” means bags made from plastic material, used for the purpose of
carrying or dispensing commodities.
  • With or without handle.
  • non-woven polypropylene.
  • Constitute or form an integral part of the packaging at manufacturing stage or is an integral part of manufacturing.
3) What are PET and PETE bottles? Are cold drinks/ beverage bottles exempted?
The bottles made up of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polyethylene terephthalate esters (PETE) used for packaging or storing liquid or semi liquid food, including water. The use, purchase, sale, storage and manufacture of PET and PETE bottles made of “high quality food grade virgin Bisphenol-A free material and printed on it with a “predefined buy back price” shall be allowed. However, under the “Extended Producers and sellers/trader’s Responsibility (EPR)” it is mandated to setup “collection centers” for recycling plastic waste generated. The implementation deadline to setup such centers is three months since its notification issued on 23 March 2018.
PET and PETE bottles having liquid holding capacity of more than 200 ml are exempted from the plastic ban.
4) What is the Buy Back Mechanism?
  • The PET / PETE bottles used for drinking water, having liquid holding capacity of one litre or more, shall have deposit and refund price of Re1 or the buyback price as decided by the manufacturer printed on it.
  • Drinking water PET / PETE Bottles, having liquid holding capacity of less than one litre but more than 200ml shall be printed on it and the deposit and refund of Rs2 or the buyback price as decided by the manufacturer.
5) Where are the collection centers to be located?
The collection centers for the buyback plastic PET and PETE bottles are to be situated at ‘strategic places’ including malls, multiplexes, hotels, shops, tourists places, beaches, forts, and public spaces.
6) Who is responsible for the implementation of the collection centers?
It is the responsibility of the PET Bottle industries to ensure that these bottles are collected from retailers at depository and refund rate or buyback rate and are recycled.
7) What is single use disposable material?
Dish, cups, plates, glasses, fork, bowl, container, disposable dish/ bowl used for packaging food in hotels, spoon, straw, non-woven polypropylene bags, cups/ pouches to store liquid, packaging with  plastic to wrap or store the products, packaging of food items and food grain material.
(Image cited in United Nations environment report on Single use plastic)
8) To whom is the ban on plastic is applicable to?
According to the Government GR on 23 March 2018, the ban on plastic is  applicable to every person, body of person, government and non-government  organization, educational institution, sport complex, clubs, cinema halls and theaters, marriage or celebration halls, industrial units, commercial institutions, offices, pilgrimage organisers, pilgrimages and religious places, hotels, dhabas, shopkeepers, malls, vendors or sellers, traders, manufacturers, caterer, wholesalers, retailers, stockiest, businessmen, hawkers, salesmen, transporters, market, producers, stalls, tourist places, forest and reserved forest, eco-sensitive areas, all sea beaches, all public places, bus stands, railway stations in Maharashtra.
9) What are the fines for carrying plastic bags?
A first time violator will be fined Rs5,000 and Rs10,000 for the second-time violator. A third-time violator will be charged with Rs25,000 and may also face imprisonment for a period of three months.
Amendments to the plastic Ban:
E-Commerce Companies:
The latest GR dated on 30 June 2018, exempted e-commerce companies to use plastic packaging materials used for products sold in the State of Maharashtra with a contingency to “they shall develop environmental-friendly alternative for packaging of materials within three months. They shall create a mechanism for the collection of the plastic packaging material used during three months and ensure the recycling and final disposal”.
Materials used for wrapping:
As stated earlier, the government have exempted thermocol used for wrapping material at the manufacturing stage or is an integral part of manufacturing shall
Comply with few conditions laid down. They are
  • The packaging material shall be more than 50 micron thickness.
  • The packaging material shall be made up of minimum 20% recyclable plastic material(except for food packaging).
  • The manufacturer’s details, type of plastic with code number and buy-back price shall be printed on the packaging material (except for export purpose).
The government of Maharashtra officials stated that strict action would be initiated against the violating establishments, however they denied that the plastic ban motive is not to harass citizens and they are working towards alternative options to plastic with various women NGO’s.
  
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Exhibition cum guidance on plastic ban

Dear Mumbai citizens,

BMC has organised an Exhibition cum guidance on plastic ban.

Details are :–
Date : 22nd to 24th June 2018

Venue : NSCI, Worli

Time : 9 am to 6 pm

Topics :–
1. Demo on how to destroy plastic,

2. How to dispose off or reuse plastic,

3. What are the alternatives for plastic.

Do visit this exhibition to gain knowledge on how to make the most of this ban and fulfill our responsibilities towards the environment.

Do spread this message to all your friends, neighbours and relatives.

Thank you.

Ms. Nidhi Choudhari,
Dy. Mun. Commissioner (Special),
Mumbai
========

Inventor Introduces New Technology for Fast-Charging, Noncombustible Batteries

AUSTIN, Texas — A team of engineers led by 94-year-old John Goodenough, professor in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin and co-inventor of the lithium-ion battery, has developed the first all-solid-state battery cells that could lead to safer, faster-charging, longer-lasting rechargeable batteries for handheld mobile devices, electric cars and stationary energy storage.

Maria Helena Braga

Pictured: Maria Helena Braga.

Goodenough’s latest breakthrough, completed with Cockrell School senior research fellow Maria Helena Braga, is a low-cost all-solid-state battery that is noncombustible and has a long cycle life (battery life) with a high volumetric energy density and fast rates of charge and discharge. The engineers describe their new technology in a recent paper published in the journal Energy & Environmental Science.

“Cost, safety, energy density, rates of charge and discharge and cycle life are critical for battery-driven cars to be more widely adopted. We believe our discovery solves many of the problems that are inherent in today’s batteries,” Goodenough said.

The researchers demonstrated that their new battery cells have at least three times as much energy density as today’s lithium-ion batteries. A battery cell’s energy density gives an electric vehicle its driving range, so a higher energy density means that a car can drive more miles between charges. The UT Austin battery formulation also allows for a greater number of charging and discharging cycles, which equates to longer-lasting batteries, as well as a faster rate of recharge (minutes rather than hours).

Today’s lithium-ion batteries use liquid electrolytes to transport the lithium ions between the anode (the negative side of the battery) and the cathode (the positive side of the battery). If a battery cell is charged too quickly, it can cause dendrites or “metal whiskers” to form and cross through the liquid electrolytes, causing a short circuit that can lead to explosions and fires. Instead of liquid electrolytes, the researchers rely on glass electrolytes that enable the use of an alkali-metal anode without the formation of dendrites.

The use of an alkali-metal anode (lithium, sodium or potassium) — which isn’t possible with conventional batteries — increases the energy density of a cathode and delivers a long cycle life. In experiments, the researchers’ cells have demonstrated more than 1,200 cycles with low cell resistance.

Additionally, because the solid-glass electrolytes can operate, or have high conductivity, at -20 degrees Celsius, this type of battery in a car could perform well in subzero degree weather. This is the first all-solid-state battery cell that can operate under 60 degree Celsius.

Braga began developing solid-glass electrolytes with colleagues while she was at the University of Porto in Portugal. About two years ago, she began collaborating with Goodenough and researcher Andrew J. Murchison at UT Austin. Braga said that Goodenough brought an understanding of the composition and properties of the solid-glass electrolytes that resulted in a new version of the electrolytes that is now patented through the UT Austin Office of Technology Commercialization.

The engineers’ glass electrolytes allow them to plate and strip alkali metals on both the cathode and the anode side without dendrites, which simplifies battery cell fabrication.

Another advantage is that the battery cells can be made from earth-friendly materials.

“The glass electrolytes allow for the substitution of low-cost sodium for lithium. Sodium is extracted from seawater that is widely available,” Braga said.

Goodenough and Braga are continuing to advance their battery-related research and are working on several patents. In the short term, they hope to work with battery makers to develop and test their new materials in electric vehicles and energy storage devices.

This research is supported by UT Austin, but there are no grants associated with this work. The UT Austin Office of Technology Commercialization is actively negotiating license agreements with multiple companies engaged in a variety of battery-related industry segments.

Top bottled water brands contaminated with plastic particles

Plastic was identified in 93 percent of the samples included in the study, which included major name brands such as Aqua, Aquafina, Dasani, Evian, Nestle Pure Life and San Pellegrino

The world’s leading brands of bottled water are contaminated with tiny plastic particles that are likely seeping in during the packaging process, according to a major study across nine countries published Wednesday.

“Widespread contamination” with plastic was found in the study, led by microplastic researcher Sherri Mason of the State University of New York at Fredonia, according to a summary released by Orb Media, a US-based non-profit media collective.

Researchers tested 250 bottles of water in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Lebanon, Mexico, Thailand, and the United States.

Plastic was identified in 93 percent of the samples, which included major name brands such as Aqua, Aquafina, Dasani, Evian, Nestle Pure Life and San Pellegrino.

The plastic debris included polypropylene, nylon, and polyethylene terephthalate (PET), which is used to make bottle caps.

“In this study, 65 percent of the particles we found were actually fragments and not fibers,” Mason told AFP.

“I think it is coming through the process of bottling the water. I think that most of the plastic that we are seeing is coming from the bottle itself, it is coming from the cap, it is coming from the industrial process of bottling the water.”

Particle concentration ranged from “zero to more than 10,000 likely plastic particles in a single bottle,” said the report.

On average, plastic particles in the 100 micron (0.10 millimeter) size range — considered “microplastics,” — were found at an average rate of 10.4 plastic particles per liter.

Even smaller particles were more common — averaging about 325 per liter.

Other brands that were found to contain plastic contaminated included Bisleri, Epura, Gerolsteiner, Minalba and Wahaha.

Experts cautioned that the extent of the risk to human health posed by such contamination remains unclear.

“There are connections to increases in certain kinds of cancer to lower sperm count to increases in conditions like ADHD and autism,” said Mason.

“We know that they are connected to these synthetic chemicals in the environment and we know that plastics are providing kind of a means to get those chemicals into our bodies.”

– Time to ditch plastic? –

Previous research by Orb Media has found plastic particles in tap water, too, but on a smaller scale.

“Tap water, by and large, is much safer than bottled water,” said Mason.

The three-month study used a technique developed by the University of East Anglia’s School of Chemistry to “see” microplastic particles by staining them using fluorescent Nile Red dye, which makes plastic fluorescent when irradiated with blue light.

“We have been involved with independently reviewing the findings and methodology to ensure the study is robust and credible,” said lead researcher Andrew Mayes, from UEA’s School of Chemistry.

“The results stack up.”

Jacqueline Savitz, chief policy officer for North America at Oceana, a marine advocacy group that was not involved in the research, said the study provides more evidence that society must abandon the ubiquitous use of plastic water bottles.

“We know plastics are building-up in marine animals, and this means we too are being exposed, some of us, every day,” she said.

“It’s more urgent now than ever before to make plastic water bottles a thing of the past.”

 

https://www.afp.com/en/news/2265/top-bottled-water-brands-contaminated-plastic-particles-report-doc-12j5ev1

End Single Use Plastic – Cuz consequences are forever

What is the greenBUG bag?

It’s an eco-friendly alternative to plastic garbage bin liners. It is the only one of its kind available that is affordable and responsible, both.

How so?

Well, for one, it is made of recycled newspaper and natural glue, at no expense of electricity, water, fuels, or chemicals. It even handles moist kitchen waste well.

Then, on disposal, it does not pose the grave danger that plastic does for thousands of years to the environment and to human health.

So, its raw material is upcycled, its production process is energy- neutral and completely non-toxic, and, after it has served its purpose, it goes back into the environment entirely harmlessly!

OK. What else?

The greenBUG bag is produced by disadvantaged women, to whom this provides valuable supplemental income.

We train them, provide them with productivity tools, buy up their entire production output, and find the market for it. They are paid upfront, thus insulating them effectively from market vicissitudes.

 

RESPONSIBLE WASTE DISPOSAL

NEEDN’T BE INCONVENIENT

www.facebook.com/grnBUG

@Go_greenBUG

 

 

 

When you buy a pack of greenBUGTM   bags:

You buy CONVENIENCE: Now, responsible waste disposal is convenient too!

You buy a product that is:

  • GREEN to produce 
  • GREEN to use
  • GREEN on disposal

… UpCycling never got better!

You buy a product that is made by disadvantaged women, who earn valuable supplemental income from this. We have asked them what they use this money for. The most common answer – for their Children’s schooling needs – fees, bags, books, shoes, the occasional candy…

 

 

RESPONSIBLE WASTE DISPOSAL

NEEDN’T BE INCONVENIENT

www.facebook.com/grnBUG

@Go_greenBUG

https://gogreenbug.com/

It’s Time to Go Green: Save the Planet and Money Too

Bengaluru’s world famous eyesore, Bellandur Lake became a headlining act on national and international media, as news reports highlighted how it had caught fire, with foam coming right into pedestrians faces. A change.org campaign demanding an immediate cleanup of the lake has collected over 31,000 signatures so far, while the local authorities have installed water sprinklers around areas where it tends to froth. Yet, the problem doesn’t seem to be solvable until the city’s citizens take accountability to treat their sewage. Actually improving the cities we live in would be a lot easier if we, as individuals, take some steps that don’t just help the environment, but also actually save us a fair bit of money.

Nearly 650 million litres of untreated sewage is discharged into Bengaluru’s vicinity every day, says S Vishwanath of the Bengaluru-based company Biome Environmental Solutions. The firm works on water sustainability solutions in government schools and drought affected areas. He points out that this problem has existed for fifteen years, and it’s only after the foam started hitting the cars and two-wheelers in the city that people took notice. “It was frothing in Vishwavati Valley, where farmers had to deal with this froth since 2000. This is clearly a question of industrial consumption levels of detergents and fatty acids and other stuff which is going into the lakes,” Vishwanath says.

(Also seeSmart Cities Won’t Work Without Smart Citizens)

Vishwanath’s himself harvests water from the roof at the highest level of his home for cooking and drinking, while the water from lower roofs is used for landscaping and gardening. All the grey water (washing machine water and bath water) is funnelled through a series of filtration tanks, where grey water is stored, and plants, algae and bacteria break it down, removing phosphates and nitrates from the water. Guppies are put in so that mosquito larvae don’t breed.

greywater_filtration_feature2.jpg“The fish eat the larvae, and they are also functional indicators. If they start to die, then the water is not getting treated enough,” Vishwanath explains. Eventually, the filtered water is used for in the garden and for flushing the loo below. In theory, this water can also recharge the groundwater. An eco-san toilet installed on the roof recycles urine as fertiliser for plants, while solids are composted in blue drums, so that no human waste goes out of the house.

It’s possible to build an eco-friendly house, with features for rainwater harvesting, solar heating, and using environmentally friendly materials for construction, at around the same per-square foot cost as traditional building methods, experts say. Retrofitting can be a little more expensive, but over time, the saving from consuming less water and electricity won’t just mean a cleaner environment, but also smaller monthly bills.

According to a report, ‘green’ construction can lower energy consumption by 30-50 percent, and lower water consumption by 30-70 percent. Short term planning is a particularly big culprit; a one-star rated gadget like an A/C or geyser might be significantly cheaper than a similar product with a higher energy efficiency rating, but the added electricity it consumes has a real cost, in terms of pollution and your finances over time.

common_oxen2.jpgWaste management and chemical pollution are as big an issue as excess consumption. One of the main reasons for Bengaluru’s frothing lakes seems to be our everyday detergent – which has foaming agents, surface active agents, and phosphate. Delara Damania, founder of Bengaluru-based Common Oxenwhich makes natural cleaning agents for the home, points out that even wastewater sludge goes into farms, and comes back into our food. “The fact that nobody is regulating this is just mind-boggling,” she says.

Her startup is built around the problem of eliminating phosphates from household cleaning. “Phosphates on their own are not a bad thing, but they encourage the proliferation of water hyacinths, and other fast-growing weeds, that sort of suck out the oxygen and kill the other aquatic animals, and that’s what spoils the water bodies,” she says.

Vani Murthy, one of Bengaluru’s most active waste management campaigners, is launching a mission to get one million people to compost their green waste at home. “It’s a one week challenge, and is building up to a launch,” she says. “If you could, on your part, take care of that half a kg of waste that you generate, than asking the municipality. That’s one action that can have a direct impact on the future of the planet itself.”
Composting is one action you can do for a better world, she says. “You are dealing with 60 percent of the waste right where it is being generated, converting it into something that is so important for the soil to grow your own food,” Murthy adds. “The safest food is what you grow, because you know what you are putting in there.”

Once you understand the process of aeration, the breakdown of food into micro-organisms, Composting can be a lifetime practice, a gateway to rooftop gardening. Murthy bartered her compost for seeds in her early days, and now she has three terrace gardens growing her own food. The organic terrace gardening group on Facebook has 27,000 members, and out of that, 6,000 to 7,000 are from Bengaluru, she says. They have quarterly events where people bring their produce called Oota from Your Thota.

For the first-time composter, she recommends doing it at zero expense, using an old bucket with some holes in it. “Start off with peels, egg shells, fruit peels. Dry leaves can be added to the compost mix, as it absorbs moisture from the peels and keeps the pile balanced. It does not let the wet waste get compacted,” she says. A composting kit needs a bit of shade, and has to be protected from rain. Cow dung or sour butter milk can be used as a source of microorganisms.

“The basic rule is that it should be well aerated. If it doesn’t breathe, it becomes anaerobic, and that’s when it starts to stink. For aeration, it should not be packed in too compact – it takes a few tries to get the right balance,” she says.

Reducing your energy footprint
If you’re planning to build a green home or live in one, Teri’s Griha Rating Booklet has a bunch of useful parameters to evaluate and rank housing projects by, with a points based rating system based on various criterion. These include factors such as materials used, environmental impact, energy use, water harvesting, low-power devices, 5-star rated electronics, amount of daylight used, surface reflectivity, and cooling.

Teri’s rating system stresses on local sourcing of components – there are somethings that you lose points for – for example you can’t use Italian marble, because it has a higher carbon footprint because of the transportation cost.

Some of the things to look into include insulated walls and roof construction, which can reduce you air conditioning bill in the summer and your heating costs in the winter. Smaller windows will also help – large windows look nice, but turn your home into a greenhouse, which isn’t very suitable in India. You can also look into alternative energy, such as solar panels, and solar heating for water; rainwater harvesting can also make a big impact.

TeriGriha_graphic.jpgMaterials like teak wood, and quarried stone that has to be transported from afar are a bad idea when you’re building a new house. Fly ash bricks and locally sourced materials, design that promotes ventilation instead of air-conditioning, and planning for things like low-flow water and low-energy lighting all add up and make a big impact over time.

Prasanto Roy, who lives in India’s first Teri Griha home, which scored 96 percent overall on their Teri’s ratings, said that building a green home doesn’t come with a significant cost overhead.

“Other houses that have been built in this area cost more than this one, and they don’t even use green features. That is because they have used more expensive finishes, fittings, Italian marble,” he says. “For us, it cost ten percent more per square foot to build this house. There are some savings you get directly in the capex itself, as you need less equipment, and so on.”

Roy’s house is made of two types of fly-ash bricks, which are easily available. Around 70-80 percent of the material was locally sourced. The supply chain for green materials has improved since he built his home, with Teri’s website cataloging the suppliers. “Today, almost everything can be sourced locally, but electronics like controller systems, were imports,” he adds.

“For a typical house, depending on where you are, the one thing to focus on is cooling the home passively, so that you need less active cooling,” he explains. “Go increasingly on to LED lights, and you pick the low hanging fruits – the lights which are always on, and so on. Staircase lights can have motion sensors,” he says, so they will not only be on when needed. “A solar power is a simple enough system to add on, can be paired with an inverter or used directly, a 1 KVA solar panel for around Rs. 1.5 lakhs is a very worthwhile thing to do,” as this can help you reduce your dependence on the grid, and save significant amounts of money over time.

At the same time, low-flow fixtures reduce water waste, and your water bill as well, and rainwater harvesting can be good for the environment and will also reduce your dependence on expensive water tankers, when the municipal supply runs short.

Sriram Sharma

http://gadgets.ndtv.com/others/features/its-time-to-go-green-save-the-planet-and-money-too-764286