The Bombay Stamp Act applies to the entire State of Maharashtra. Only the instruments specified in the Schedule I to the Act are covered by this Act. All other instruments are either chargeable under the Indian Stamp Act (e.g., transfer of shares) or are not chargeable at all (i.e., if they are not specified under the Act as well as under the Indian Stamp Act).
II. CHARGE OF STAMP DUTY
2.1 It is very important to note that stamp duty is on an instrument and not on a transaction.
2.2 S. 3 of the Act levies stamp duty at the rate provided in Schedule I on any instrument executed in the State. Even instruments executed outside the state are liable to duty only on their receipt in the state, provided it relates to a property situated in the state or a matter or thing to be done in the state.
2.3 An instrument covering or relating to several distinct matters is chargeable with the aggregate amount of duty with which each separate instrument would have been chargeable.
2.4 In case an instrument is so drafted that it is covered within the ambit of more than one Article under Schedule I, then it shall be taxed by that Article which levies the highest amount of stamp duty.
2.5 The term “Instrument” has been defined to include every document by which any right or liability is or purports to be created, transferred, limited, extended, extinguished or recorded.
However, it does not include a bill of exchange, cheque, promissory note, bill of lading, letter of credit, policy of insurance, transfer of share, debenture, proxy and receipt.”
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